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Screw and Black Water
ISBN 979-11-972832-1-5 07650
Published by Tigress on Paper, Seoul, Korea
Yoshiharu Tsuge is not so famous among the public but a unique artist more widely known to novelists, artists, film directors, and some humanities scholars/socialists. Debuting in 1954, he published groundbreaking manga works in the Japanese monthly manga magazine Garo from the late 1960s to the 1970s. His representative work, Screw Style, released around this time, was evaluated as an exceptional, innovative work in that it dealt with the subject of dreams for the first time in a manga and contained his unique expression. We can interpret it as the New Wave of Japanese manga. Although he lives in seclusion and is no longer releasing new works since 1987, his old work continues to create a new generation of fans.

Yuji Yamashita, an art historian and critic, considered Yoshiharu Tsuge the best manga artist and said he planned this book to create a culture that reasonably reads and criticizes comics. This book contains interviews with Yoshiharu Tsuge, archived by Yuji Yamashita, chronology, various materials such as original works, and travel notes/photos provided by Yoshiharu Tsuge himself. Above all, this book also contains four of his short comics, including Screw Style.
As such, this book contains various complex types of content, requiring a lot of effort to edit and design the Korean version. The publisher Tigress on Paper and I dismantled the structure of the original Japanese edition and recreated it entirely differently. As we all know, we write and read most texts in languages such as Korean and English horizontally and from left to right. However, Japanese books are written vertically in many cases, and the direction of the gaze flows from right to left. So the books’ cover is also located opposite ours. We needed an editing method that would not harm the image and art of the original. It is because the symbol of the manga follows the flow of the gaze and the time and story unfold. We separate and regroup the texts and comics that initially have mixed in the original Japanese edition. So, this book has two covers on both the front and back. Author research writing starts from the general direction of books in Korea, the United States, and Europe. On the other hand, Yoshiharu Tsuge’s manga works start from the other side of the book, in the opposite direction, like a Japanese book. Also, the book’s form, with its entrances on both sides, like two sides of a coin, responds to the paired themes of Yoshiharu Tsuge’s work—fantasy and reality, dream and travel. 
Screw and Black Water is a Korean version of the title we created while thinking about the most critical and meaningful image in Yoshiharu Tsuge’s manga. The screw is the material of his masterpiece Screw Style. It is also a tool to hold together his scattered mind caused by psychological trauma, and an object that makes up his identity as a factory worker as a child. Black Water is an image of stagnant water that is indispensable in many scenes of Tsuge’s works, an unconscious space, and the ink that allowed him to continue his life as a cartoonist. I hope that the Korean readers can find a space where dreams and nightmares of the 20th century resonate with us somewhere in the 21st century through the passageway (with two entrances on both sides of the book), called Yoshiharu Tsuge.

Design: Jaemin Lee
Client: Tigress on Paper
Year: August 2022

© Jaemin Lee. All rights reserved.